SANITATION

Improving sanitation (including water supply, storage, waste treatment and waste treatment reuse to produce smokeless cooking fuel) to improve gut infections, respiratory illness and improve dental health.


Until 2016, these projects were HH’s and all projects will be continued by HH O/S.

Since 2007, the Nepal Village Health Improvement Program has built 132 toilets, for the residents of 3 villages in the Kavre district. The program has also built and upgraded toilets water supply and waste systems for 2 schools of over 1,000 children. Further works have commenced in building toilets, water supply and waste system as well as hand washing and a tooth brushing area in a school of 300 children with plans for another nearby school.

In 2013, the WorldSkills/WPC/IAPMO/RMIT team designed and fitted four rainwater diverter systems and a tank filler point that were trialled in the 2013 wet season. The best designs were selected to be both retro-fitted to existing toilets and incorporated into all the new toilet systems.

In 2014 another WorldSkills team joined the local Nepali team to begin the training for retro-fitting the rainwater diverters. The local Nepali team completed similar works on 56 toilets built early in the program. The Nepali construction team is now fitting the diverter systems and filler points to all new toilets as standard. An active maintenance system is in place, with contributions received from each family, and the ongoing work is being completed and managed by Nepali people.

In 2015 IAPMO representatives and students from Australian Universities worked on the design stage for the Jalapadevi School toilets, water and wastewater systems. The principles of this work were used to establish the Indian Community Plumbing Challenge. The girls toilet block was completed in 2015 and the boys retrofitted toilet block and the handwashing and toothbrushing facilities were completed in 2016.

Similar design works at Thangpal Dhap School, a school of 300+ students, have been completed and HH O/S, IWSH and WS will assist the local Nepali team to commence building 2 new toilet blocks with 4 toilet cubicles, handwashing and toothbrushing facilities to each building, and converting the existing failing toilet block into 2 x showers in November 2016.

SAFETY

Rebuilding safely with locally available building materials and techniques after the devastation caused by the 2015 earthquakes.

Structural failure in houses can be life threatening or cause severe physical injury. 


Following the April / May earthquakes in Nepal, emergency works (completed in May / June 2015) and longer term reconstruction works are also underway. There was significant housing destruction in the 3 villages that have participated in the Health Improvement Program. Despite major damage to the 3 villages all 132 toilets survived the earthquakes and have proved invaluable in maintaining health throughout the monsoon season.

HH O/S has worked in collaboration with Harry Partridge and the Bhattedande Village Development Committee to design a system, in accordance with the National Building Code of Nepal, using ‘earthquake bands’ that will make houses more resistant to earthquakes in the future.

On the site of an earthquake damaged family house, the first earthquake banding demonstration house will begin construction in September 2016 and will be the model for the earthquake proofing of houses in the Kavre district of Nepal. The house earthquake proofing model will be shared with other districts in Nepal that have approached HH for assistance.


Projects

Earthquake Reconstruction

The first earthquake banding demonstration house will begin construction in September 2016 and will be the model for the earthquake proofing of houses in the Kavre district of Nepal.

Reports:

Shree Thangpal Dhap School Sanitation and Health Project

Construction to began in early November 2016 on the girls and boys toilet blocks, hand washing and tooth brushing facilities and the retrofitting of the existing failing toilet block into 2 x showers. Completed and handed over January 2017.

Reports:

Shree Jalapadevi School Sanitation and Health Project

Toilet, water and waste management systems were constructed at the school (in the Melamchi area) to assist 600+ students and 21 teachers. These facilities also assist the local community that was one of the hardest hit in the earthquakes.

Nepal Village Health Improvement Program

132 family toilets have been constructed at 3 villages in the Kavre District since 2007. Toilets are either septic or biogas system and are fitted with rainwater tanks. These toilets were built by Nepali teams with support from HH, T&T, RAWCS and many private donors.


Partners

International Water, Hygiene and Sanitation Foundation (IWSH), Rotary Club of Dee Why Warringah, Rotary Australia World Community Service (RAWCS), Teeth & Toilets (T&T), University of Newcastle (UoN), Worldskills member countries and the participating villages and Schools.